選單 2環保新聞專區

行政院環境保護署 環保新聞專區

塑膠3R策略與創新 環保署力推塑膠循環經濟

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廢棄物管理
106-09-25 [行政院環境保護署廢管處]

2017「循環經濟全球論壇」首先登場的是「塑膠循環經濟」,針對塑膠管理,台灣、美國、歐盟、瑞士、日本及薩爾瓦多等6國官方代表就塑膠減量(Reduction)、重複使用(Reuse)與回收(Recycle)進行簡報;針對塑膠策略與創新,瑞士、荷蘭、台灣、美國及德國等5國官方與產業代表進行簡報,之後展開官方與產業對話。

環保署表示,世界各國對購物用塑膠管制方式不同,其中美國(加州)、法國、澳洲採禁止使用;香港、英國、臺灣採付費取得;德國、丹麥採課稅。歐盟訂定2030塑膠管理策略與路徑圖,明定會員國遵守塑膠管理措施,以達成目標;日本也力推塑膠3R策略;我國則明文公告規範14類販賣場所不得免費提供購物用塑膠袋 ,統計目前7大類販賣場所使用的購物用塑膠袋減量成效達58%,年使用量由約34億個減至14億個,每年20億個購物用塑膠袋減量驚人!

針對塑膠微粒,由於體積小、數量多,無法有效收集致隨污水進入水體及環境,恐影響環境及生態,世界各國已開始重視塑膠微粒對環境之影響,紛紛訂定相關管制措施,維護海洋生物及環境。我國已明文公告自明(107)年起全面禁用塑膠微粒,與歐盟等先進國家同步,相關做法與決心,博得其他與會國家代表喝采!

本次「循環經濟全球論壇」也邀請了塑膠產業分享創新做法與成功案例,包括臺灣大豐環保科技公司、美國戴爾科技公司(Dell Technology)與德國萊茵公司(TUV Rheinland),其中大豐環保善用智慧手機鼓勵民眾進行回收,提升回收質量與友善環境,是國內資源回收產業推動循環經濟的成功案例。

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3R plastic strategy and innovations:The EPA is dealing with plastic in a circular economy

The first topic of the 2017 Circular Economy Global Forum is “Plastic and a Circular Economy”, which focuses on plastic management, where 6 government delegates from Taiwan, the U.S.A, the European Union, Switzerland, Japan and El Salvador will give briefings on plastic reduction, reuse and recycling. For plastic management strategy and innovations, 5 government delegates from Switzerland, Holland, Taiwan, the U.S.A and Germany will give briefs with industry representatives, and then engage in a panel discussion between government and industry.

The Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) noted that different countries have different ways of into controlling plastic. The U.S.A (California), France and Australia prohibited the use of plastic shopping bags. Uses of plastics require payment in Hong Kong, England and Taiwan. Germany and Denmark charge taxes on uses of plastics. The European Union established its 2030 plastic management strategy and route map that requires member countries to comply with plastic management measures in order to reach its target. Japan is also promoting a 3R plastic strategy and carrying one’s own shopping bag has become a routine for the general public. As for Taiwan, a government announcement requires that 14 types of businesses are prohibited from providing plastic shopping bags for free. According to statistics, the reduction of plastic shopping bags in 7 major types of businesses has places of trading achieved a 58% reduction. Annual consumption has been reduced from 3.4 billion to 1.4 billion units; the annual reduction of 2.0 billion units of plastic shopping bags is amazing!

Plastic microbeads are small in size and large in quantity; thus, they cannot be effectively collected but instead enter into water bodies and the environment through sewage, which impacts the environment and ecology. Various countries across the globe have been concerned about the environmental impact of microbeads and have established relevant control measures to protect marine organisms and environments. The EPA stated that Taiwan is in sync with developed countries such as those on the European Union, and has officially announced that microbeads will be prohibited across the island as of the beginning of 2018. The associated countermeasures and resolutions received applause from delegates of other participating countries.

To promote a circular economy, industry is an indispensable partner. The EPA indicated that the 2017 Circular Economy Global Forum has invited plastic industry representatives to share their innovative methods and successful cases, including Da Fon Environmental Technology, Dell Technology and TUV Rheinland. Out of these companies, Da Fon Environmental Technology is expert at using smart phones for encouraging the general public to recycle, which in turn increases recycling quality. Da Fon Environmental Technology is a successful case of a domestic recycling enterprise that promotes a circular economy.

To implement plastic reduction in daily life, it is no doubt that the 2017 Circular Economy Global Forum strives for the consensus and resolution from participating countries in terms of cherishing resources, plastic bag reduction, ocean protection, environmental awareness and corporate social responsibility.

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